First, it's important to know that in French, "Place"is the word for "Square", because you might need to use it, or at least, you'll see it everywhere, and you don't want to be confused, missing precious time in misunderstanding..

The most secluded, and the oldest square of Paris. First called Place Royale, it was built by Henry IV from 1605 to 1612. It was inaugurated on the occasion of Louis XIII and Anne d'Autriche wedding, two years after the assassination of Henry IV. It's a quasi-square place (127 x 140 metres), and the buildings are quite uniform, except the pavillions if the King and the Queen, which are higher. The center used to be flat and sandy, field of tournaments , horse exercices and "duels"...

Today, a statue of Louis XIII, four fountains and big trees adorn the peaceful square. Under the beautiful arcades running all along the buildings, you can find the Hôtel de Sully (built in 1611 and house of the Duc de Sully), the appartment of Victor Hugo (transformed into a museum), a lot of art galleries, the famous restaurant L'Ambroisie, a fun café, and a school!